The commonalities and differences of Indian Philosophy and Chinese Philosophy

There are many different kinds of philosophies ranging from different walks of life. Two of them are Indian Philosophy and Chinese Philosophy. Both are similar in some ways, but are very contrasting on the other hand.

The commonalities Indian and Chinese Philosophy have are as follows: (1) both are ethical and are closely related to religion. Most religions from their respective countries originate from their Philosophies. Examples of these are Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, and Hinduism. (2) Both have the synthetic approach. They do not really categorize and label anything under neither fields nor sub-fields. (3) Both do not consider the idea of Materialism. (4) Both build upon the experiences, interactions, and reflections of man as to being a part of a society. Lastly, (5) both build upon the ideals, feelings or the emotional nature of man, otherwise known as Metaphysics.

As there are commonalities, surely there are more differences between the two: (1) Chinese Philosophy is superficial and unsystematic while Indian Philosophy will tackle something deeper and deeper, if it could. (2) Chinese Philosophy also lacks epistemology and logic. It does not really care for the “why?” or “where did it begin?” of things. Indian Philosophy, on the other hand, is known to be the origin of most of the “-isms” in the sciences. (3) Indian Philosophy believes that the soul, or spirit, of a human being exists while the other has no such concept. What the Chinese believe is that spirits exist within nature, like inside trees, mountains, etc. In addition, spirits are also of ancestors that have passed away. (4) Mysticism differs as well. Indian Philosophy believes in the cosmos of Space, Akasa (medium of movement), and Prana (principle of movement). However, Chinese Mysticism includes Astrology, Feng Shui, I Ching, Tao Te Ching, and many more. (5) Chinese Philosophy is only concerned with the immediate life of man, whilst the other considers not only the present life of man, but also its past life and future birth. Lastly, (6) the goal of man in Indian Philosophy is to attain divine transformation or salvation. Conversely, the goal of man in Chinese Philosophy is to contribute to the culture and the civilization of the world.



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